__GE3251 __

__ENGINEERING GRAPHICS __

__ __

**COURSE OBJECTIVES:**

The
main learning objective of this course is to prepare the students for:

1.
Drawing engineering curves.

2.
Drawing freehand sketch of simple objects.

3.
Drawing orthographic projection of solids and section of solids.

4.
Drawing development of solids

5.
Drawing isometric and perspective projections of simple solids.

**CONCEPTS AND CONVENTIONS (Not for Examination)**

Importance
of graphics in engineering applications - Use of drafting instruments - BIS
conventions and specifications — Size, layout and folding of drawing sheets —
Lettering and dimensioning.

**UNIT - I **

**PLANE CURVES**

Basic
Geometrical constructions, Curves used in engineering practices: Conics —
Construction of ellipse, parabola and hyperbola by eccentricity method —
Construction of cycloid — construction of involutes of square and circle —
Drawing of tangents and normal to the above curves.

**UNIT - II **

**PROJECTION OFPOINTS, LINES AND PLANE SURFACE**

Orthographic
projection- principles-Principal planes-First angle projection-projection of
points. Projection of straight lines (only First angle projections) inclined to
both the principal planes - Determination of true lengths and true inclinations
by rotating line method and traces. Projection of planes (polygonal and
circular surfaces) inclined to both the principal planes by rotating object
method.

**UNIT - III **

**PROJECTION OF SOLIDS AND FREEHAND SKETCHING**

Projection
of simple solids like prisms, pyramids, cylinder, cone and truncated solids
when the axis is inclined to one of the principal planes and parallel to the
other by rotating object method. Visualization concepts and Free Hand
sketching: Visualization principles —Representation of Three Dimensional objects
— Layout of views- Freehand sketching of multiple views from pictorial views of
objects. Practicing three dimensional modeling of simple objects by CAD
Software (Not for examination)

**UNIT - IV **

**PROJECTION OF SECTIONED SOLIDS AND DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACES **

Sectioning
of above solids in simple vertical position when the cutting plane is inclined
to the one of the principal planes and perpendicular to the other — obtaining
true shape of section. Development of lateral surfaces of simple and sectioned
solids — Prisms, pyramids cylinders and cones. Practicing three dimensional
modeling of simple objects by CAD Software (Not for examination)

**UNIT - V **

**ISOMETRIC AND PERSPECTIVE PROJECTIONS**

Principles
of isometric projection — isometric scale - lsometric projections of simple
solids and truncated solids - Prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones- combination
of two solid objects in simple vertical positions - Perspective projection of
simple solids-Prisms, pyramids and cylinders by visual ray method. Practicing
three dimensional modeling of isometric projection of simple objects by CAD
Software (Not for examination)

**TOTAL:
(L=30; P=60) 90 PERIODS**

** **

**OUTCOMES:**

On
successful completion of this course, the student will be able to

• Use BIS conventions and specifications
for engineering drawing.

• Construct the conic curves, involutes and
cycloid.

• Solve practical problems involving
projection of lines.

• Draw the orthographic, isometric and
perspective projections of simple solids.

• Draw the development of simple solids.

**TEXT BOOK:**

1.
Bhatt N.D. and Panchal V.M., “Engineering Drawing”, Charotar Publishing House, 53rd
Edition, 2019.

2.
Natrajan K.V., “A Text Book of Engineering Graphics”, Dhanalakshmi Publishers,
Chennai, 2018.

3.
Parthasarathy, N. S. and Vela Murali, “Engineering Drawing”, Oxford University
Press, 2015

**REFERENCES:**

1.
BasantAgarwal and Agarwal C.M.,“Engineering Drawing”, McGraw Hill, 2nd Edition,
2019.

2.
Gopalakrishna K.R., “Engineering Drawing” (Vol. I&II combined), Subhas
Publications, Bangalore, 27thEdition, 2017.

3.
Luzzader, Warren.J. and Duff, John M., “Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing
with an introduction to Interactive Computer Graphics for Design and
Production, Eastern Economy Edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New
Delhi, 2005.

4.
Parthasarathy N. S. and Vela Murali, “Engineering Graphics”, Oxford University,
Press, New Delhi, 2015.

5.
Shah M.B., and Rana B.C., “Engineering Drawing”, Pearson Education India, 2nd
Edition, 2009.

6.
Venugopal K. and Prabhu Raja V., “Engineering Graphics", New Age
International (P) Limited, 2008.

**Publication
of** Bureau of Indian Standards:

1.
IS10711 — 2001: Technical products Documentation — Size and layout of drawing
sheets.

2.
IS 9609 (Parts 0 & 1) — 2001: Technical products Documentation —Lettering.

3.
IS 10714 (Part 20) — 2001 & SP 46 — 2003: Lines for technical drawings.

4.
IS 11669 — 1986 & SP 46 —2003: Dimensioning of Technical Drawings.

5.
IS 15021 (Parts 1 to 4) — 2001: Technical drawings — Projection Methods.

**Special
points applicable to University Examinations on Engineering Graphics:**

1.
There will be five questions, each of either or type covering all units of the
syllabus.

2.
All questions will carry equal marks of 20 each making a total of 100.

3.
The answer paper shall consist of drawing sheets of A3 size only. The students
will be permitted to use appropriate scale to fit solution within A3 size.

4.
The examination will be conducted in appropriate sessions on the same day